As I was reading about Mao as a leader in the Cultural Revolution, I was constantly comparing and contrasting him with Stalin when he lead the Russian Revolution. I was noticing some similarities like how they both purged members of the Communist party and both leaders created five-year plans as well as establishing collectivization. I believe that the behaviors and actions of both these leaders stemmed from their fear of losing power and eventually being overthrown. Likewise, both these leaders interpreted Marxism differently which in turn correlated to their specific country and revolution. Although both advocated class struggle, Stalin’s communism focused on the industrial population whereas Mao’s dealt with the agrarian, peasant population. Therefore, although both leaders strived to transform their societies into idealized utopias, what they would describe as a perfect society would be drastically different.