The other day in class, someone mentioned that Stalin was similar to Robespierre in that the two men were radical leaders who used their positions to gain power. Robespierre was the leader of the radical Mountain, while Stalin was the leader of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. After reading the section about Stalin’s rule, I realized that the two radical leaders were similar not only because of their leadership roles, but also because they each created a sort of “Terror”. We saw in the Sherman reading “Dictatorship in Russia: Stalin’s Purges” that Stalin could have had any number of reasons for his “Terror” (referred to as his “purges”), but many of the reasons relate to Stalin’s desire to eliminate enemies of himself and of the Communistic government structure. Stalin executed or imprisoned people that he believed could lead to his downfall. Looking at the radical phase of the French Revolution from 1793-1794, Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety essentially did the same thing in executing, imprisoning, or trying enemies of the nation of France. While Robespierre’s Reign of Terror is very similar to Stalin’s purges, there remains one major difference between the two leaders: Robespierre was executed because people believed he was becoming too tyrannical, whereas Stalin remained in power. My question is: Why exactly was Robespierre organized against and executed while Stalin lived, even though their situations were similar? Is it because of the ideals of the time period, the rulers themselves, or perhaps another factor?