Although the China unit has drawn to a close, I would like to return to the exercise where we debated, from Gandhi or Mao’s perspective, the necessity of violence in a revolution. Speaking of the revolution in India, Gandhi said, “I know that when conscious non-violence becomes general in India swaraj will not be far” (Gandhi packet). Gandhi believed that the only way to ensure an effective and successful revolution is through a campaign of non-violent protest. Mao is the antithesis of Gandhi in that he believed war and armed conflict were necessary vehicles to drive a revolution forward. Mao powerfully wrote, “A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another” (Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan). Gandhi would certainly repudiate this belief, and instead explained that non-violence is crucial to a revolution because, “An oppressor’s efforts will be in vain if we refuse to submit to his tyranny. Generally, no one will kick me for the mere fun of it. There must be some deeper reason for his doing so” (Gandhi packet). Ironically, I believe this quote backfires against Gandhi. Generally, when there is a tyrant, that tyrant has a specific agenda and/or goals, which can constitute for a “deeper reason.” Thus, the tyrant will “kick” out if his subjects “refuse to submit.” Mao echoes this truth when he wrote, “Without using the greatest force, the peasants cannot possibly overthrow the deep-rooted authority of the landlords which has lasted for thousands of years. … To put it bluntly, it is necessary to create terror for a while in every rural area, or it otherwise would be impossible to … overthrow the authority of the gentry. Proper limits have to be exceeded in order to right a wrong, or else the wrong cannot be righted” (Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan). Basically, Mao believed that the feudal landlords would refuse to give up their land, unless they were forced to through violence. I agree with Mao; after all, who would give up inordinate wealth and unless threatened by extreme force? I believe that violence is a necessity in accomplishing a revolution. What are your opinions?